Segmental and suprasegmental properties in nonword repetition--an explorative study of the associations with nonword decoding in children with normal hearing and children with bilateral cochlear implants.

TitleSegmental and suprasegmental properties in nonword repetition--an explorative study of the associations with nonword decoding in children with normal hearing and children with bilateral cochlear implants.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsVon Mentzer, CNakeva, Lyxell, B, Sahlén, B, Dahlström, Ö, Lindgren, M, Ors, M, Kallioinen, P, Engström, E, Uhlén, I
JournalClin Linguist Phon
Volume29
Issue3
Pagination216-35
Date Published2015 Mar
ISSN1464-5076
KeywordsChild, Child, Preschool, Cochlear Implants, Female, Hearing Loss, Bilateral, Humans, Male, Phonetics, Reference Values, Semantics, Speech Discrimination Tests, Verbal Learning
Abstract

This study explored nonword repetition (NWR) and nonword decoding in normal-hearing (NH) children and in children with bilateral cochlear implants (CI). Participants were 11 children, with CI, 5:0-7:11 years (M = 6.5 years), and 11 NH children, individually age-matched to the children with CI. This study fills an important gap in research, since it thoroughly describes detailed aspects of NWR and nonword decoding and their possible associations. All children were assessed after having practiced with a computer-assisted reading intervention with a phonics approach during four weeks. Results showed that NH children outperformed children with CI on the majority of aspects of NWR. The analysis of syllable number in NWR revealed that children with CI made more syllable omissions than did the NH children, and predominantly in prestressed positions. In addition, the consonant cluster analysis in NWR showed significantly more consonant omissions and substitutions in children with CI suggesting that reaching fine-grained levels of phonological processing was particularly difficult for these children. No significant difference was found for nonword-decoding accuracy between the groups, as measured by whole words correct and phonemes correct, but differences were observed regarding error patterns. In children with CI phoneme, deletions occurred significantly more often than in children with NH. The correlation analysis revealed that the ability to repeat consonant clusters in NWR had the strongest associations to nonword decoding in both groups. The absence of as frequent significant associations between NWR and nonword decoding in children with CI compared to children with NH suggest that these children partly use other decoding strategies to compensate for less precise phonological knowledge, for example, lexicalizations in nonword decoding, specifically, making a real word of a nonword.

DOI10.3109/02699206.2014.987926
Alternate JournalClin Linguist Phon
PubMed ID25489675

Add new comment

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.