Benefits of music training are widespread and lifelong: a bibliographic review of their non-musical effects.

TitleBenefits of music training are widespread and lifelong: a bibliographic review of their non-musical effects.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDawson, WJ
JournalMed Probl Perform Art
Volume29
Issue2
Pagination57-63
Date Published2014 Jun
ISSN0885-1158
KeywordsAcoustic Stimulation, Adolescent, Child, Child Development, Child, Preschool, Female, Health Behavior, Health Status, Humans, Language Development, Male, Memory, Motor Skills, Reading
Abstract

Recent publications indicate that musical training has effects on non-musical activities, some of which are lifelong. This study reviews recent publications collected from the Performing Arts Medicine Association bibliography. Music training, whether instrumental or vocal, produces beneficial and long-lasting changes in brain anatomy and function. Anatomic changes occur in brain areas devoted to hearing, speech, hand movements, and coordination between both sides of the brain. Functional benefits include improved sound processing and motor skills, especially in the upper extremities. Training benefits extend beyond music skills, resulting in higher IQs and school grades, greater specialized sensory and auditory memory/recall, better language memory and processing, heightened bilateral hand motor functioning, and improved integration and synchronization of sensory and motor functions. These changes last long after music training ends and can minimize or prevent age-related loss of brain cells and some mental functions. Early institution of music training and prolonged duration of training both appear to contribute to these positive changes.

Alternate JournalMed Probl Perform Art
PubMed ID24925171

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