The Academic Diligence Task (ADT): Assessing Individual Differences in Effort on Tedious but Important Schoolwork.

TitleThe Academic Diligence Task (ADT): Assessing Individual Differences in Effort on Tedious but Important Schoolwork.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsGalla, BM, Plummer, BD, White, RE, Meketon, D, D'Mello, SK, Duckworth, AL
JournalContemp Educ Psychol
Volume39
Issue4
Pagination314-325
Date Published2014 Oct 01
ISSN0361-476X
Abstract

The current study reports on the development and validation of the Academic Diligence Task (ADT), designed to assess the tendency to expend effort on academic tasks which are tedious in the moment but valued in the long-term. In this novel online task, students allocate their time between solving simple math problems (framed as beneficial for problem solving skills) and, alternatively, playing Tetris or watching entertaining videos. Using a large sample of high school seniors (N = 921), the ADT demonstrated convergent validity with self-report ratings of Big Five conscientiousness and its facets, self-control and grit, as well as discriminant validity from theoretically unrelated constructs, such as Big Five extraversion, openness, and emotional stability, test anxiety, life satisfaction, and positive and negative affect. The ADT also demonstrated incremental predictive validity for objectively measured GPA, standardized math and reading achievement test scores, high school graduation, and college enrollment, over and beyond demographics and intelligence. Collectively, findings suggest the feasibility of online behavioral measures to assess noncognitive individual differences that predict academic outcomes.

DOI10.1016/j.cedpsych.2014.08.001
Alternate JournalContemp Educ Psychol
PubMed ID25258470
PubMed Central IDPMC4170650
Grant ListK01 AG033182 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States

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